About PilibhitPilibhit, situated in Rohilkhand region in the neighborhood of Siwalik on the Nepal boundary, lies in Uttar Pradesh and a municipality board in the Pilibhit district. Previously called Hafizabad, this forest area is the origin of Gomti. Situated in Bareilly division, Pilibhit was founded in late 15th century and was named after Hafiz Rahmat Khan. It was, however, much later that the place got the name Pilibhit from a village occupied by people of local community of the Periya clan called as “Old Pilibhit”.
In Pilibhit, there are four tehsils: Pilibhit, Puranpur, Barkhera, Bisalpur and seven blocks: Amaria, Lalaurikhera, Marauri, Barkhera, Bisalpur, Bilsanda and Puranpur. Another very popular name for the city is the title of “Basuri Nagari”, since the city is the largest producer and exporter of flutes in India. However, since the city is based on the Indo-Nepal border, the same remains under high security network with experienced security forces guarding the area. Almost 50% of the population of the city remains under poverty line with much scarcity of employment with government sponsored firms working towards making scope of employment but still not succeeded in utilizing the total manpower.
Brief History of Pilibhit
The historical significance of Pilibhit is quite interesting. The city as per the locals was once ruled by the famous King Venu or Mayurdhwaj as mentioned in the Hindu epic, Mahabharata. King Venu was an avid worshiper of Lord Krishna and Arjun. In the later years, Pilibhit was mentioned both in the history of Mughal dynasty and Shah dynasty.
During the Mughal times, this particular city used to be under administration of Bareilly suba where Subedar Ali Md Khan was the person in charge. He was much in love with the city and thus looked after the administrative workouts of the area. Surrounding this building of administration in Pilibhit he constructed four admirable and magnificent gates, Hussaini darwaza in the eastern side, Barellwi darwaza at the western side, Jahanabadi darwaza in north and Dakhini darwaza in south.
According to a document from British Library the Marathas invaded the city in 1772 AD. It is after this that the renowned Kurmi Kshatriya group occupied the region. It is believed that Pilibhit provided shelter to Deepa Shah, the last emperor of the royal Shah Dynasty after facing the attack by King Gorakha in 1789 AD.
One of the most important historical places at Pilibhit is Khakra Chouki where in 1909, almost 21 brave soldiers were forcefully hanged by the British Government since they declined the orders of the British rulers then and negated to follow any further orders from them. To remember and show respect to these martyrs a rock naming All Martyr is pinned at this place.
Geography of Pilibhit
The city lies between 29°53' and 28°64' north latitude and 81°37' and 79°57' east longitude. In north of Pilibhit lies Uttarakhand's Udham Singh Nagar whereas in the southern part lies Shahjahanpur. Nepal also claims a part of the bordering area of Pilibhit from the northern side. While the western side forms the boundaries of Bareilly, the eastern side is jointly bounded by Shahjahanpur and Lakhimpur Kheri. Area covered by the city is 47 km square with almost 1216 villages under the territorial limits of Pilibhit. Originating from Gomti Taal a lake in Madhotanda, the river Gomti flows through the city. There are various water bodies and rivers flowing through the city. Though they may not be larger in structure but the count is quite a few. Just like River Gomti, River Sharda or as named by the locals Mahakali River flows through the east and meets River Ghaghara coming from the north eastern part of the city. River Devhahuti Ganga lies in the north-west. However, the main water source of the city is the collection of canals built in several places. Inspite of all this it must be noted that this place is more known for its dense forest areas. An area of almost 784.572 km per square is covered with forest. As per the year 1978 the total forest area in this region was 63% but with deforestation down the years it has come down to 22.39 percent in the year 2004. National Highway 74 runs through Pilibhit district.
Demography of Pilibhit
As per 2011 census, Pilibhit is the 46th most populous districts of Uttar Pradesh. The total population of the Pilibhit district is 2,037,225 where Pilibhit city has a population of 1, 97,455 people. As per CSO (Central Statistical Organization) district Pilibhit is populated with 469.51 people per sq km and Pilibit city is populated with 2365.11 people per square kilometer. Again though the male and female percentages are 52.94 and 47.6 simultaneously, the literacy percentage is quite low at 63.58 percent.
Climate in Pilibhit
The best time to visit Pilibhit is the winter season. Cool breeze and clear sky makes it a wonder location during the winter months from November to the end of February. The temperatures during the winter vary around 150C to 170C whereas at night it drops around 70C -80C and sometimes in cooler days like end of December or beginning of January temperatures falls to 30C to 40C. The summer months are pretty hot with dry air flowing making the weather pretty scorching. The usual temperature in the months of April to September stays from 360C to 420C as average high. The hottest month is the month of June.
Economy of Pilibhit
The economy of the district is majorly dependent on agriculture. Sugarcane is the primary crop of this district. There are sugar factories in places like Majhola, Puranpur, Bisalpur and Pilibhit. Other crops which are cultivated here are rice, pulses, wheat, food grains, mustard and oil seeds. Large amount of fresh vegetables and fruits are supplied from Pilibhit to Delhi, Lucknow and Uttaranchal. Other small-scale industries in Pilibhit includes rice mills, engineering units, candles, brick kilns, zari work and not to forget flute manufacturing. The flutes manufactured here are exported to United States, Europe, Canada, UAE, Japan and even Africa. Even the dairy industry has flourished down the years with good stock of cows, goats and buffaloes meeting the demand of own district as well as in selected places of Uttaranchal.
Tourism in Pilibhit
Tourism is quite strong in Pilibhit. There are various attractions in the city which makes tourism worthy in the district. The darga of Hazrat Shah ji Miyan is quite popular among the various tourist attractions. It is believed that a blessing from this Darga usually turns out to be very fruitful. Other than this there are popular tourist spots like
- Jama Masjid
- Philibit Tiger Reserve
- Raja Venu Ka Tila
- Gauri Shankar Temple
- Chuka Beach
Festivals in Pilibhit
Though there are no clan or city specific festivals being organized in Pilibhit, one can truly enjoy the usual Hindu festivals like Holi, Diwali, Vijaydashami, Maha Shivratri, Janmashtami, Rakhshabandhan which is also celebrated by Sikhs and Jains. Muslim festivals Eid, Muharram and Guru Nanak’s Birthday by Sikhs, and Good Friday and Christmas by Christians are also celebrated in a grand manner.
Food in Pilibhit
The city has many restaurants and dhabas which provide excellent North Indian dishes for their visitors. Some of these restaurants have multi-cuisine facility with options for both vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. There are plenty of street foods and fast food or sweet shops in station road of Pilibhit. These are quick bites and they taste absolutely awesome and a must taste food for all visiting Pilibhit.
How to Reach Pilibhit
On the Bareilly-Lakhimpur railway line falls the Pilibhit junction railway station which is under North eastern railways. The station is well maintained with computerized ticket service. Bhojipura junction railway station and Puranpur Railway station are the nearby railway stations. The station code is PBE and the enquiry number for the trains traveling through Pilibhit is +91-5882-255804. For airports one need to travel around 200 miles from city to reach either Delhi airport or Lucknow, Agra and Gwalior airport.
The communications through roads are extremely good as the National Highway 74 passes through Pilibhit and there are various bus routes which connects other districts and cities of Uttar Pradesh. However, there are bus services from Delhi, Lucknow, Agra, Hrishikesh and Kanpur which makes traveling smoother and hassle free.
Muncipal Board of Pilibhit
The Pilibhit Nagar Palika Parishad is the municipal board of the Pilibhit district which looks after the development and betterment of Pilibhit city. The assets of the city is also maintained by them. The board was established in the year 1865
Quick Facts about Pilibhit
Governing Body: Government of Uttar Pradesh
Founded by: Hafiz Rahmat Khan
STD Code: 05882
Time Zone: IST
Languages Spoken: Hindi, Urdu, English, Punjabi
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